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Ľubomír Chobot

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#644   2006-11-25 14:41 GMT+1 hour      
Stručné dejiny hradu

Podľa doterajších poznatkov sa vznik hradu predpokladá najneskôr krátko po polovici 13. storočia. S jeho vlastníctvom sa spája župan Marek "de Lednyche", spomínaný v rokoch 1259-1269. Na začiatku 14. storočia bol v rukách Matúša Čáka Trenčianskeho, po ktorého smrti v roku 1321 prešiel do kráľovských rúk. Neskôr ho vlastnila rodina Pakšiovcov, ktorá ho dala v roku 1392 do zálohy šľachticovi Henkovi. Počas vlády Žigmunda Luxemburského sa na začiatku 15. storočia stávajú záložnými majiteľmi hradu s panstvom bratia Bielikovci. V majetku kráľa zostal hrad aj neskôr počas husitských nepokojov a jeho držitelia ho mali len v záložnom vlastníctve.
V roku 1533 hrad násilne obsadili lúpežní bratia Podmanickovci, ktorým bol hrad v roku 1549 aj legálne uznaný. V rukách tejto rodiny zostal až do smrti posledného potomka Rafaela v roku 1558. Potom hrad prešiel do rúk Telekešiovcov, spomedzi ktorých Michal bol známy množstvom násilností a lúpeží. Zašiel až tak ďaleko, že v roku 1600 mu bol na nariadenie panovníkovho radcu Juraja Turzu hrad odobratý a majetok skonfiškovaný. Od roku 1616 sa majetok dostal do rúk Juraja Rákociho I. Počas tureckých vpádov na Považie zostal ako dobre ukrytý hrad zachovaný a nedotkli sa ho ani nepokoje počas stavovských povstaní. Po roku 1708 sa ale podobne ako okolité hrady aj Lednica dostala do rúk cisára. Noví záložní vlastníci Maťašovskovci hrad dali v roku 1746 hrad opraviť.

Podľa vtedajšieho opisu hradu sa do dolnej časti vchádzalo padacím mostom, pričom táto časť hradu obsahovala starú vežu, bašty a rôzne obytné a hospodárske objekty. Cez ďalší padací most sa vstupovalo do skalného tunela vedúceho do horného hradu. V hornom hrade sa okrem nádvoria nachádzali rôzne pomocné hospodárske miestnosti ako skladiská, kuchyňa, pekáreň a väznica. Prístup do vyšších podlaží, kde boli panské izby, archív, kaplnka sv. Jána a iné, zabezpečovali drevené schodiská, pričom na najvyššom mieste horného hradu sa týčila pozorovacia veža zvaná Straka. Po vymretí Maťašovskovcov v roku 1754 sa od roku 1770 stali majiteľmi hradu Aspremontovci, ktorí hradu nevenovali veľkú pozornosť a tak sa najneskôr na začiatku 19. storočia zmenil na zrúcaninu, ako to dokumentujú historické vyobrazenia.
Odvtedy hrad pustol a až v roku 1960 sa uskutočnila menšia konzervácia tej časti zrúcaniny, ktorá najviac ohrozovala obyvateľov v obci. Napriek tomu došlo v marci 1999 k zrúteniu časti severného obvodového múru horného hradu.

V y p r a c o v a l : I n g . a r c h . M a r t i n B ó n a, XII / 2 0 0 4

držiteľ osobitnej odbornej spôsobilosti na vykonávanie architektonicko-historického výskumu registračné č. 201





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This post was edited by Ľubomír Chobot (2006-11-25 14:49 GMT+1 hour, --- ago)

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#645   2006-11-25 14:46 GMT+1 hour      
Hrad Lednica je jeden veľmi milý hrad s nádherným výstupom na pozorovateľňu s názvom STRAKA. Majú ho v prenájme mladí ľudia z Historicko-Astronomickej spoločnosti , ktorý tento rok vykonali prvé konkrétne záchranné práce na zabezpečenie statiky múrov. Treba len veriť a dúfať, že sa týmto mladým sympatickým ludom podarí hrad zabezpečiť pred nežiadúcimi úrazmi, ktoré v poslednej dobe tento hrad preslávilo. http://www.hradlednica.sk/



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#646   2006-11-25 14:47 GMT+1 hour      
Prvé murovanie na hrade Lednica


Páni riaditelia Lednica&Lietava riešia neriešiteľný problém :-)


Preosievanie piesku, ktorého je tam fakt ale málo.


Statné a silné ženy majú na tej Lednici.


Previazať, lícovať a hlavne pracovať boli slová murára chobiho

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